WHAT SHOULD THE PEOPLE WITH HEPATITIS B EAT AND AVOID?

Question: Hi pharmacist. I would like to ask your advice on the diet for someone with hepatitis B so that it doesn’t develop. Thank you!

Answer: Hi! I am pleased to receive your question sent to Xuan Quang Oriental Pharmaceutical.

People with hepatitis B often have anorexia, digestive disorders, indigestion, so how to eat less but still ensure adequate nutrients for patients during treatment and rehabilitation of liver function.

Hepatitis B is a disease that attacks the liver. The disease is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). When infected with hepatitis b can be divided into several types: acute, chronic or prolonged. Each type has its own characteristics, but there are common symptoms of mild fever, the feeling of being very tired, not wanting to eat, there may be digestive disorders, when eating, feeling indigestion, passing stool loose, crushed.

The following is a scientific diet for people with hepatitis B

Acute hepatitis:

Principles of demand: energy is 25Kcal/kg body weight/day, protid 0.4-0.6 g/kg body weight/day, Lipid 10-15% of total energy, eat 6-8 meals/day. About the structure of ration: energy needs from 1,300-1,400 Kcal/day, protid amount from 20-30 grams, Lipid from 15-20 grams, glucid 250-280 grams, water from 2-2.5 liters.

Chronic hepatitis:

Principles of demand: energy is 35Kcal/kg body weight/day, protid 1-1.5 g/kg body weight/day, Lipid 15-20% of total energy, eat from 3-4 meals/day. About the structure of ration: energy needs from 1,800-2,000 Kcal/day, protid amount from 50-75 grams, Lipid from 30-40 grams, glucid 310-340 grams, water from 1,5-2,0 liters.

Because of liver damage, patients with anorexia, indigestion, so how to eat less, but the quality of nutrients is enough to meet the needs of patients.

Patients should eat protein-rich foods (fish, eggs, milk …), sugar and vitamins such as fresh fruits, yogurt …; minimize fatty foods, including stir-fried and fried foods; absolute abstinence of alcohol; Ensuring food safety and hygiene to prevent food poisoning

When preparing food to cook thoroughly, easy to eat and digest, eat many meals a day. Limit foods that are too nutritious, so eat less meat.

 

People with hepatitis B need to supplement vitamins with vegetables – fruits rich in vitamins in meals. Do not eat foods that are oily, greasy and fried

The main foods suitable for viral hepatitis patients are wheat flour, rice, soybeans, black beans, chickpeas, etc. in order to maintain the necessary energy (processing can be done as cooked, or pureed … ).

Need to supplement vitamins with vegetables – fruits rich in vitamins in meals such as gourds, squash, tomatoes, cabbage, oranges, tangerines, apples, etc.

Do not eat foods that are high in oil, fat, fried foods and high-fat nuts such as peanuts, sesame … these foods interfere with fat metabolism, causing fat accumulation in the liver.

Limit irritating spicy foods such as chili, pepper, cabbage, garlic, and ginger. Do not drink alcohol or beer because of alcoholic beverages.

Xuan Quang Oriental Pharmaceutical wishes you always healthy!

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